There’s nothing quite like the perfect grilled steak or a perfect rack of grilled ribs. Grilling brings out the flavor in meats like nothing else. The slight charred or wooden flavor really adds to the experience. Not only is grilling delicious, but it’s also a fun process.
You might grill foods at a family BBQ, at a party, on a camping trip or just for a special treat. Unlike cooking on the pan, there’s something very tactile about grilling food. Everyone has their own style of grilling foods. Some people do it with flair, while others do it methodically.
Grilling foods well is every bit as complex as cooking other kinds of dishes. On the surface, it looks like you just stick a slab of meat on top of a grill. In reality however, there’s quite a lot of thought that goes into the perfect grilled meal.
Here are ten top tips to help you achieve that perfect, mouth watering grilled meat experience.
Tip #1: Start With High Quality Meat
If you don’t have high quality meat, it’s very hard to make the meat taste great. It won’t hold flavour as well, the meat won’t be as soft and sometimes it’ll be downright chewy. High quality meat is slightly more expensive, but it makes a big difference.
Buy meats from butchers rather than from packaged meats. Packaged meats trap moisture inside due to the packaging, which changes the meat’s texture.
If you’re buying steaks, buy Certified Black Angus or USDA Prime. For other kinds of meat or cuts, look for grass fed beef or free range chicken. It makes a difference.
Tip #2: Sear the Outer Layer
Your grill should be arranged so there are more coals either on one side than the other, or more coals in the center and fewer on the outsides. In other words, there should be an area of your grill that’s blazing hot and another area that’s a bit cooler.
Start by searing your foods in the hottest area. This helps “lock in” the juice and flavouring. It helps develop the outer crisp of crunchy juicy flavour. However, you don’t want to actually cook your meat on this high heat, as it’ll burn.
So sear your meats on the high heat portion of your grill first, then move the meat to the side and let it slowly cook the insides.
Tip #3: A Myriad of Ways to Flavor
There are many, many different ways you can add flavour to grilled meats.
To get the richest flavour throughout the meat, marinate it overnight. The acidic nature of marinades causes its flavours to really sink into the meat. There are many different kinds of marinades you can use. You can buy them pre-packaged, or find easy home cooked recipes online.
Alternatively, you can use dry rubs or wet rubs. These are pre-packaged blends of spices and herbs designed to add flavouring to meats. Start by tenderizing the meats, then using your hands massage the rubs into the meats. Do this 2-4 hours before grill time to let the flavour sink in.
Finally, the simplest flavouring is to just use a brush to apply glazing. You won’t win the Iron Chef contest, but there’s absolutely nothing wrong with honey glazed sausages or glazed chicken wings. Glazing is a simple way to make great tasting grilled food without a lot of prep time. Just make sure to put sweet glazes on near the end of your cooking time because it can burn more easily.
Tip #4: Don’t Inundate Yourself With Tools
You know those “24 Grilling Tools in One Bucket” packs that you frequently see at Home Depot? Leave those behind.
Having too many grilling tools will just take up space, waste money and make it easy to confuse yourself and your guests. You really only need a few tools for a fantastic grilling experience.
- A good grill brush. This will be used to apply glazes. Grill brushes are designed not to get brittle over time. Don’t try to apply glazes with other utensils (and definitely not a paint brush.)
- A high quality spatula or two. Your spatula should be made of metal, not plastic or wood so it won’t melt or catch fire. The spatula should have a very thin edge to make it easy to slide under foods. Having two spatulas makes it easy to press down on foods and flip at the same time, though you really only need one.
- Tongs. Your tongs are your primary tool of choice. These are what you’ll use to flip sausages, chicken wings, etc. Get a short pair of tongs if you want more control and get a longer pair of tongs if you want more distance from the fire. If you plan on having kids doing some grilling, get a long pair of tongs just in case.
Tip #5: Safety, Safety, Safety
There’s nothing worse than a fantastic grilled meal that ends in food poisoning. Anytime you’re grilling food, make sure to think of safety first.
- Avoid cross contamination. If a spatula or tongs touches raw or even rare meat, make sure to hold it over the fire for 10 seconds to kill any bacteria. Avoid touching raw meats and then touching other foods, plates or utensils. Disposable gloves are useful for handling raw meats.
- Keep your grill away from wooden surfaces and plants. Make sure there are no shrubs nearby, no trees and no wooden furniture nearby.
- Have a fire extinguisher nearby anytime you’re grilling.
Don’t skimp on your grilling safety!
Tip #6: Is it Hot Enough?
Unlike stoves, which automatically switch on to the right temperature, grill temperatures are up to you to gauge. You decide when it’s hot enough and you decide when it’s too hot.
So how do you know when your grill is ready to go?
The easiest test is the “Mississippi Test.” Just hold your hand over the grill (about four inches) and count, from “One Mississippi” to “Two Mississippi” up. If you can hold your hand for more than four Mississippis, the fire isn’t hot enough.
On the other hand, if you can’t even get your hand close enough to count “One Mississippi,” the grill is probably too hot.
Tip #7: Use Wood to Add Smoke
Grilling itself doesn’t add that smoky, grilled taste that so many people crave. Instead, it’s actual wood smoke itself. To get that smoky flavour, just toss in a chunk of wood on top of your charcoal in your grill. For fast cooking items, you can use wood chips. Chips burn up in about 10 minutes and shouldn’t be used for longer cooking items.
White Cedar and Golden Birch woods are great choices for seafoods like grilled salmon. For chicken, Sugar Maple and Wild Apple are both good choices. Atlantic Olive, Mountain Mesquite and Black Cherry are good choices for beef and other kinds of dense meats like pork ribs or lamb chops.
Tip #8: Clean Your Grill Right Away
It’s tempting to wait to clean your grill. If there’s a party going on, who wants to take the time to scrub out a grill right then and there?
Even if you don’t clean anything else at the party however, you should still clean your grill right after you’re done grilling.
Fats harden after the grill has time to cool down. Bits of food get stuck to the grill and get very difficult to scrape off. Pests start to grow and feed on the grill if you leave it uncleaned for too long.
The easiest time to clean your grill is when it’s still hot. Just take 2 minutes to clean the grill right after you’re done grilling, instead of 20 minutes of scrubbing later down the line.
Tip #9: Resist the Urge to Keep Checking
Don’t continually flip your food over to see the other side. Don’t stab it with a toothpick to check the insides every 5 minutes.
The best part of grilled foods is the outer crust. That’s where all the juices are. That’s where all the glazing, the marinade or the rub is. If you break it or disrupt it too much, the flavour will be dispersed.
If you’re using a recipe, check the temperature of your grill and only turn your foods when the recipe tells you to. Otherwise, only turn it over once grill marks are visible on one side of the meat.
Tip #10: Remove it Before It’s 100% Cooked
Remember that food still cooks after it’s off the grill. Factor in about 3 to 5 minutes of extra cooking time after the food comes off the grill and a few minutes rest time before serving allows the juices to settle.
To check steaks for doneness, just use your finger to poke the surface of the meat. The more firm, the more cooked it is. For chicken, use a skewer and poke through the center of the piece. If it goes through easily and the juice is clear, it’s cooked. For seafood, the fish should be completely opaque.
These ten grilling tips will help you churn out fantastic grilled delights for any occasion!